When a tooth is non-restorable and/or infected a patient may decide to have a tooth removed. An extraction of a tooth is the complete removal of the crown and roots of the tooth from the jaw bone. The most important part of the extraction process is to achieve profound numbness in the area of the extraction. Once the patient is comfortable and numb, the tooth is extracted by being luxated and elevated out of the bone socket. If the tooth does not loosen from the jaw bone, then a small surgery is done to remove the bone around the tooth that is preventing the tooth from being completely extracted. After the tooth is extracted, the dentist and staff will give post-operative instructions to allow healing in the socket so that a nice blood clot may form. In a normal healing process, after 48 hours, the gums and bone begin to fill in the site over the course of two to three months.
Wisdom Teeth Extractions
Wisdom teeth extractions are a fairly common procedure in young adults. Wisdom teeth often cause problems due to a lack of space in the posterior area of the jaws. When a wisdom tooth is impacted, it means the tooth is coming in at an angle, not in line with the other teeth. This can cause pain. The tooth can also come in unevenly or the tooth may only emerge partially. Each individual is evaluated on a case-by-case assessment of whether removal of their wisdom teeth will be necessary. A risks vs. benefits analysis should be done between the patient and the dentist or oral surgeon.
After the surgery you will need to rest. You can expect for the extraction site to bleed for up to 24 hours following the surgery. Gauze will be applied at the completion of the surgery, and you will need to change it when it becomes soaked. If bleeding continues for longer than 24 hours you should call your dentist or surgeon.